Journalists produce reports based on an extensive process of information gathering which includes interviews, research and analysis. Work involves writing news reports, commentaries, feature articles and blogs for newspapers, magazines, radio, television and websites including online publications.
Where journalists are employed
Most journalists work for country, metropolitan and suburban newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations or press agencies. A number of journalists work on a freelance basis. Others move into publicity roles in government departments, work as press secretaries for government ministers or work in related fields such as advertising, marketing and public relations.
Full-time journalists in South Australia generally earn more than $1,600 per week.
Technological changes have increased the speed of information exchange leading to a more interpretive role for journalists. This has increased the demand for journalists with expertise in specialist fields such as economics and political science.
Factors that influence employment range include the number, size and economic viability of media organisations to the use of modern technology and the degree of networking and resource sharing between organisations.
In 2011 there were 726 people employed full-time as journalists in South Australia compared with 659 in 2006.
How to become one
Usually you need a degree in journalism or in a related field with a major in journalism followed by a one year graduate cadetship involving on-the-job training. Alternatively you can become a journalist by completing a three year cadetship where you receive instruction and gain experience in practical journalism under the supervision of senior journalists. At school consider doing English.
For information on course admission requirements and how to apply to the universities and TAFE in South Australia visit the South Australian Tertiary Admissions Centre (SATAC).
Check South Australian Universities at The University of Adelaide, Flinders University and University of South Australia.
For information about Australian universities visit Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching (QILT).
Career information has been sourced from government publications, see data sources for more information.